You may have heard of the term recumbent position when visiting the clinic or the hospital but you have no idea what it really is. Different positions are used by health professionals like doctors and nurses to facilitate procedures and other medical examinations. As a regular individual you also have to be aware of these positions so that you will have an idea about the medical care that is being rendered to you.
Recumbent Position Definition
The recumbent position is derived from the Latin words “re” meaning to lie back and “cubere” which means to lie down. Other name for this anatomical position is decubitus position. So, when you heard of this position it simply means reclining or lying down.
So, if you will assume the recumbent position all you have to do is to lie down on your back and stay flat. But then, there are many variations of the recumbent position and these are the following:
- Lateral recumbent position- This position can be assumed by lying on your side which is typically done when you are to undergo vaginal examination.
- Dorsal recumbent position- This position is assumed when you lie on your back with your legs are bent outwards. This position can be used for vaginal examinations and other obstetrical procedures.
- Semi recumbent position- This position is assumed when you lie down halfway like you are assuming a back rest.
Recumbent Position Nursing – Different Purposes
The recumbent position is a widely used position in clinics, hospitals and related settings. This is due to the fact that this position gives the best view of the rest of the body during examinations. At the same time, it is also one of the most convenient position that a patient can assume without having to feel strain.
Basically, the recumbent position is used when performing general examination. So, if you are to undergo general physical examinations you will be asked to lie down on your back so that the examiner can examine your head, neck, chest, abdomen and extremities. This is the most convenient position that gives access to your major body parts that need be examined. Lying on your back also makes you feel relaxed while the examination is going on.
Apart from general examination, the recumbent position is also preferred when performing abdominal surgeries. Since you are lying on your back, the medical surgeons can have full access to the organs that are located in your abdominal area such as your intestines, liver and gall bladder. So, all patients undergoing abdominal surgeries are placed on the operating table flat on back and the legs are extended or a little bit flexed.
Although the recumbent position is widely used in abdominal surgeries it can also be the position of choice for surgeries involving the extremities and the head. Surgeons prefer to place patients on this position during brain surgeries as this is the best position to lessen the pressure to the brain. Hence, this position serves many purposes and can be used for a lot of medical procedures.